Normal Anatomy of the Shoulder Joint
How does the Shoulder joint work?
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Rotator cuff is a group of tendons in the shoulder joint that provides support and enable wide range of motion. Frequent injuries to these tendons may result in their tearing and the condition is called, rotator cuff tear.
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Shoulder impingement is also known as swimmer’s shoulder, tennis shoulder, or rotator cuff tendinitis. It is a condition characterized by the inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint that may occur due to a motor vehicle accident, or trauma, or during sports activities such as tennis, baseball, swimming, and weight lifting.
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Shoulder arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope with combined camera is inserted into the shoulder joint. The benefits of arthroscopy are small incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and with less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient may return home on the same day.
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Frozen shoulder is a condition of painful shoulder limiting its movement due to pain and inflammation. It is also called an adhesive capsulitis that may progress to a state where an individual may feel very hard to move the shoulder.
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Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocation of the shoulder joint. A dislocation occurs when the end of the humerus (the ball portion) partially or completely dislocates from the glenoid (the socket portion) of the shoulder. A partial dislocation is referred as subluxation, whereas a complete separation is referred as dislocation.
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Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection websites ofAmerican Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
- The Shoulder
- Arthritis of the Shoulder
- Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery: Thermal Capsulorrhaphy
- Broken Collarbone
- Dislocated Shoulder
- Fracture of the shoulder blade (scapula)
- Frozen Shoulder
- Rotator Cuff Tears
- Separated Shoulder
- Shoulder Impingement (Bursitis, Tendinitis)
- Shoulder Joint Replacement
- Shoulder Joint Tear (Glenoid Labrum Tear)
- Thoracic outlet syndrome
- Shoulder Arthroscopy